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Taylor & Francis open access program

Taylor & Francis has been publishing academic research since 1798 and on an open access basis since 2006. We offer a broad range of author options, enabling authors to publish their material in quality open access journals with a high degree of peer review integrity.

How do I benefit?
Publishing in a Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open journal ensures:

  • Immediate, universal access to your article on publication
  • High visibility and discoverability via Taylor & Francis Online
  • Download and citation statistics for your article
  • Access to a suite of resources to help optimize usage and citation of your work
  • Global marketing and publicity
  • Rapid online publication
  • Input from, and dialog with, expert editors and editorial boards
  • Retention of full copyright of your article through unrestrictive publishing agreements
  • Guaranteed legacy preservation of your article
  • Discounts and waivers for authors in developing regions
  • Other author benefits

Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open

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Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open are innovative programs of high-quality, rigorously reviewed, rapid publication open access journals across science, social and behavioral sciences, and the humanities. Articles published in a Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open journal benefit from our editorial, production, and marketing expertise, and are permanently available online immediately on publication to anyone, anywhere, at any time.

Read more about our open access models.

Our list of Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open journals is constantly growing. Browse the journals here.

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Taylor & Francis Open Select and Routledge Open Select

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Taylor & Francis Open Select and Routledge Open Select provide the author or sponsors the option to make an article fully and permanently open access online in one of Taylor & Francis/Routledge's subscription-based journals for a publication fee. This option is made available once an article has been accepted.

This initiative has been running since 2006, formerly called iOpenAccess, and currently encompasses most titles published under the Routledge and Taylor & Francis imprints.

View a list of all Taylor & Francis and Routledge journals with Green OA embargo periods and license options: PDF | Excel
(Journals offering Open Select have a 'Y' in the 'Gold OA option?' column.)

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Article publishing charges

An article publishing charge (APC) is applicable for authors publishing in a Taylor & Francis Open and Routledge Open journal. APCs vary by journal and are subject to occasional special offers. Please check the Instructions for Authors on each journal web page to confirm the current APC (please note that this charge is exclusive of tax). Our standard APCs for our subscription-based Open Select titles is £1,788 / €2,150 / $2,950, though this does vary. View a list of Open Select journals with APC information: PDF | Excel

Open access and peer review
Please note that in submitting your article for the peer review process, in the event that the article is accepted for publication, you confirm you understand you will be legally liable for the payment of the appropriate article publishing charge (APC) and accept responsibility for payment of the APC (unless a waiver has been granted – please see the Waivers section below).

The peer review process is carried out separately from the invoicing and article publishing charge process. Academic editors, board members, and reviewers have no involvement with the invoicing process and cannot grant waivers.

Could I be eligible for funding?
It is likely that your research funder, sponsor, or host institution has funding available for open access publication fees.

Can the APC be discounted or waived?
See Taylor & Francis Open journal-specific information for details of any discounts that may apply. A number of institutions have signed up to an open access partner or prepayment option, which means that you may be eligible to have your APC covered by your institution, or entitled to a discount on the APC (details on how to confirm your eligibility will be sent to you by email on acceptance of your article). View list of current partners and further information. For inquiries about institutional open access partner or prepayment options, with discounts on APCs, please contact our Open Access Publisher, Victoria Gardner.

Authors are eligible to apply for a full or partial waiver of the appropriate article publishing charge (APC) if they are based in countries classified by Research4Life. Authors based in a Band A country can apply for a full waiver; authors based in a Band B country can apply for a 50% discount.

Waivers may also be granted in exceptional cases. If you are not based in a country classified by Research4Life (see above) and are requesting a waiver, you should request this at the submission stage. Your request should include details of the affiliation and country of residence of all authors, details of where the research was conducted, and confirmation of all research grant funding received (including details of any funding body which has stipulated mandatory open access publication).

Please note that in order to guarantee peer review integrity, the waiver process is not managed by journal academic editors.

Do APCs apply to Taylor & Francis Open Select and Routledge Open Select?
If you would like your article to be freely available online in one of our subscription-based Open Select journals you will need to pay the $2,950/£1,788/€2,150 fee, unless you are eligible for a waiver, or your institution has signed up to a partner or prepayment option, as outlined above. Please make this request by writing to upon acceptance of your paper.

Do I have to pay to publish my work in an Open Select title?
No. If you don't pay the APC then your work will be published behind the subscription paywall. You can still make your work open access by posting your Author Original ManuscriptPDF icon or Author Accepted ManuscriptPDF icon in your institutional or subject repository (green open access). For further information please see our Green open access section.

How do I pay?
The corresponding author of the paper will receive an invoice on acceptance of their article after peer review, outlining the APC and payment terms.

Are any taxes applicable?
Authors resident in any of the countries of the European Union have to add U.K. Value-Added Tax (VAT, currently 20%). Institutions outside the U.K. paying the fee on behalf of the author and who provide their VAT registration number will not be charged U.K. VAT.

Under what circumstances are refunds made?
If, before publication, Taylor & Francis reasonably considers that the article should not be published, on the advice of our legal counsel, we may decline to publish the article, in which case we would refund the open access article publishing charge.

If, after publication, Taylor & Francis reasonably considers that the article should be retracted or removed from our website, for example, because of a breach in author warranties, we may retract and withdraw it, and in such case will be under no obligation to refund the open access article publishing charge.

Will Taylor & Francis review subscription prices to reflect open access take-up?
Yes. Please view our pricing policy for Open Select journals.

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Copyright and licenses

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Under what form of license is the article published?

From April 1, 2013, we will be offering the following licenses for publication of articles on an open-access basis:

Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) – others may distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) - others may remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms. This license is offered to authors publishing in a Taylor & Francis Open or Routledge Open journal.

A T&F OA License to Publish, similar to the Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) license. Under this license others may download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially. The License also allows for text- and data-mining of your works. This license is offered to authors publishing on an open-access basis in an Open Select journal.

The author is asked to grant Taylor & Francis the right to publish her or his article as the final, definitive, and citable Version of Scholarly Record. In turn, Taylor & Francis will make the article in its entirety freely available on Taylor & Francis Group's online platform, Taylor & Francis Online, with no subscription fee or article pay-to-view fee or any other form of access fee or any publication embargo being applied. Reuse conditions will be subject to the license type chosen by the author.

Additional general information about licenses.PDF icon

What restrictions on reuse apply?
Please review our Terms & Conditions.

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Mandate information

The majority of our journals comply with mandates from funders and institutions. We enable authors to adhere to mandates from Research Councils UK, Wellcome Trust, the National Institutes of Health, and most others.

Read a selection of funder mandate case studiesPDF icon plus what you are required to do when publishing with us. A more extensive list of mandates can be found on the ROARMAP website.

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OA author resources

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Guide for UK-based authors to open access (OA) and compliance with the Research Councils UK (RCUK) open access policy.PDF icon

OA glossary
Are you unclear as to the difference between gold and green OA, and how a "postprint" differs from the final manuscript, or the "Version of Record"? Here is our list of some of the key terms:

  • APC - article publishing charge: the per-article fee for gold open access.
  • Embargo period – a length of time before a publisher will permit the posting of the postprint of an article into an open access repository.
  • Gratis open access - the removal of price barriers around content. Users can read articles but reuse of material is restricted (this term isn’t widely used but you may have heard of this and “libre open access” in some OA advocacy).
  • Green open access – there are numerous definitions of green OA at present but we understand this to be open access achieved by posting the article "postprint" into an institutional repository or subject repository, usually after an embargo period, with no payment of costs.
  • Gold open access – widely referred to as the "author pays" model. This option allows open access to the published "Version of Record," achieved by payment of a fee (APC) to the publisher, from the author, their employer, or their funder.
  • Hybrid open access – an OA model for traditional (subscription-based) journals, which allows authors to choose whether to pay a fee to make their paper (the "Version of Record") OA upon publication.
  • Institutional repository - an open access archive organized and maintained by a higher-education institution.
  • Libre open access – the removal of price and at least some permission barriers around content, meaning that some (if not all) reuse restrictions are removed (this term isn’t widely used but you may have heard of this and "gratis open access" in some OA advocacy).
  • Platinum open access – this option allows open access to the published “Version of Record,” without payment of an APC. Platinum OA journals are normally supported by grants or subsidies and a Board and editors who conduct editorial activities on a voluntary basis. This definition formerly applied to the term “gold open access.”
  • Postprint / Accepted Manuscript / Second-Stage Manuscript – the version of a paper which has been through peer review and been accepted for publication, but is yet to be worked on by the publisher to become the Version of Record.
  • Preprint / Author’s Original / Author Version – a paper in the form submitted to a journal for peer review.
  • Pure open access – a journal which makes all papers OA upon publication.
  • Reader pays - the usual model of paying a subscription or license fee in order to access content.
  • Subject repository - an open access archive organized around a subject area (e.g. ArXiv, the preprint archive expounded upon above).
  • Version of Record – the final published version of an article, including all typesetting, copy-editing, and reference linking. This may include links to subsequent errata or retraction notices, comments, and replies, and other enhancements such as supplemental data.
  • For further information around definitions of article versions, please view the NISO guidancePDF icon.

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    OA press announcements


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    Open access and permissions

    Image: Open access and permissions

    Please note that many of the same conditions apply to open access content as subscription access content and you can find further information within "Using third-party material in your article".

    What type of permission do I need to seek?
    Whether you are publishing your article on an open-access basis or not, you will need to seek permission to reuse any content in which copyright is owned by a third party (the "rightsholder") within your article. General guidance is provided in "Using third-party material in your article".

    Authors of open access articles can choose to publish on a license with fewer restrictions around reuse of the author’s material within an article, especially if the article is published under a Creative Commons license (please see Copyright and licenses" and for further information). However, the author does not have the right to license the reuse of any third-party copyright material contained within an open access paper, and so it is essential to obtain appropriate permission from the relevant rightsholder (see "Requesting permissions" below).

    Requesting permissions
    When seeking permission to reproduce any kind of third-party material from rightsholders, please inform them of the license under which you are likely to publish your work, and the license conditions (e.g. [license] the Creative Commons Attribution License (, [terms] which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited).

    The third party can grant you permission EITHER to include their material under the same terms as the license OR to include their material with reuse not permitted. (Please see "How should I prepare my manuscript?" below for information on appropriate captions in each case.)

    You should also make sure to ask for the following:

    • non-exclusive rights to reproduce the item within your article in [the named scholarly journal] targeted at a specialist academic readership on an open-access basis;
    • print and electronic rights in perpetuity (i.e. no time-limited licenses) to cover reproduction of the material in an online version available to customers;
    • worldwide English-language distribution rights;
    • if an image, 300 dpi minimum resolution. (Please refer to specific Instructions for Authors for more details.)

    How should I prepare my manuscript?
    Please refer to the Instructions for Authors page for the journal in question, which will provide you with useful information on how to format and prepare your manuscript for submission to the journal.

    If there is third-party material within the document, please ensure that you have obtained permission EITHER to include their material under the same terms as the license OR to include their material with reuse not permitted.

    It is important to ensure that captions for any third-party material reflect the conditions under which permission has been granted.
    Please take the relevant step below:

    • If you have permission to include the material under the same terms of the license which you wish to sign, please ensure that the caption used notes the copyright holder (e.g. © Joe Bloggs).
    • If you have permission to include the material within the article only (not under the same license terms as your work) please ensure that the caption used notes the copyright holder (e.g. © Joe Bloggs. Reuse not permitted). Please submit copies of all permissions documentation and approval from third parties with your article submission. This will expedite the publication of your work if accepted.
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