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Using third-party material in your article
This section provides information on applying for permission to reproduce work(s) under copyright and these guidelines are intended to help you meet your legal obligations.
If, after reading this section, you remain unsure as to whether or not you require permission to reproduce material, please discuss the matter with the journal’s academic editor or the in-house editorial contact.
You can also refer to our FAQs on using third-party material in your article.
When permission is needed
As a general rule, you will need to secure permission in writing to reproduce any work created by others, including any proprietary text, illustration, tables, images, or other material such as data, audio, video, film stills, screenshots, musical notation, and any supplemental material you propose to submit.
However, it is the custom and practice in academic publishing that the reproduction of short extracts of text (excluding poetry and song lyrics) and some other types of material on a limited basis for the purposes of criticism may be possible without formal permission on the basis that:
- the purpose of quotation or use is objective and evidenced scholarly criticism or review (not merely illustration);
- a quotation is reproduced accurately, either within quotation (“ ”) marks or as displayed (indented) text;
- full attribution is given.
Please refer to the Publishers Association permission guidelines for further assistance: http://www.publishers.org.uk/images/stories/AboutPA/PA_Permissions_Guidelines.pdf
Note also that the International Association of Science, Technical and Medical Publishers (STM) Permissions Agreement, to which Taylor & Francis is a signatory, allows for reproduction by signatory participants of very limited portions of text and illustrations at the individual article level. For details and conditions, see http://www.stm-assoc.org/permissions-guidelines/
What rights do you need to obtain?
When seeking permission to reproduce any kind of third-party material from rightsholders please ask for the following:
- non-exclusive rights to reproduce the item within your article in [the named scholarly journal] targeted at a specialist academic readership with a defined circulation;
- print and electronic rights in perpetuity (i.e. no time-limited licenses) to cover reproduction of the material in an online version available to customers;
- worldwide English-language distribution rights;
- if an image, 300 dpi minimum resolution. (Please refer to specific Instructions for Authors for more details.)
If you are not sure if permission is needed, please contact your editorial contact and we can help you. You will need to allow several weeks or even months for permission requests, so it is advisable to begin this process as early as possible. Please also refer to our FAQs which include guidance on special cases.
Frequently asked questions
Find out more from our frequently asked questions section dedicated to using third-party material in your article.